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Green Coffee

Coffee is grown in the belt between the two tropics, and production is divided into four geographical areas :
- South America: Brazil, Colombia and Peru are the leading countries in the production of coffee worldwide. The quality of the coffees from these countries is high.
- Central America and the Caribbean: the area from Mexico to Panama produces high quality Arabica coffee.
- Africa: many of the countries in the tropical belt of the African continent produce Robusta coffee and some types of Arabica coffee.
- Asia: comprising the regions of India, Indonesia and Vietnam, which produce mainly Robusta coffee, some of excellent quality.

The coffee plant belongs to the family of Rubiaceae, Coffea genus.
Only two of the numerous species are extensively grown: Coffea Arabica (Arabica Coffee) and Coffea Canephora (Robusta Coffee).
The coffee plant has dark green foliage and white flowers with a strong, pleasant fragrance that become bright red berries when the fruit is ripe.
Inside a layer of pulp there are two oblong seeds, also called beans, that have a rounded side and a flat side; they are about 10 mm long and are green with tinges of colour that tend towards blue, grey, red or brown, according to the different varieties.
Arabica is the most prestigious and most widespread species of coffee and accounts for around 75% of the production worldwide.
The bean is flatter and more oblong than Robusta, the furrow is serpentine and the colour is green tinged with blue.
From a chemical perspective, the caffeine content is 1.2% compared to 2.2% for Robusta, while the taste of Arabica is sweeter and more aromatic than Robusta, the latter being more bitter and woody, but giving more body in the cup.

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